Château d'Époisses

The Château d’Époisses and the Revolution

The revolution was a difficult period for Epoisses. The castle and its owners will suffer a long series of mistreatment. This began in 1791, when the “municipal officers” of the village asked “M. Pechpeyrou” (the Guitaut are a branch of the Pechpeyrou family) to bring the weapons present in the castle, to have the coat of arms engraved in the stone destroyed. and finally to dismantle the entrance doors of the outer enclosure that must be handed over to the municipality. In 1792, an inventory of furniture was drawn up by the municipal officers of Epoisses.

Since Charles de Guitaut’s sister had emigrated to Germany, half of her Brides were supposed to belong to “the Nation”. Early in 1793 the property and income of Charles de Guitaut and his sister were confiscated. In May, the Guitaut were arrested and imprisoned in nearby Semur. They were released shortly thereafter, but in August, Ms. de Guitaut was forced to embrace…the mayor of the village. Although pregnant, she is arrested again and imprisoned after her delivery, this time in Dijon. She was not released until November 1794… nine months after her acquittal.

But the castle will suffer as much as its owners. Following a district decision to destroy the local castles, a call for tenders was issued in March 1794 for its demolition. Since Mr. de Guitaut’s sister has emigrated, her half must be demolished. An architect named Cherier established the demolition program and carried it out. The work lasted until November 1794 and left half of it in poor condition. So we have to repair and, in some places, rebuild. Several projects were reviewed (including one submitted by Cherier), but none were selected. It will be necessary to wait for the Restoration to be undertaken the work that will give the castle its current appearance.